Monday, June 29, 2020
REF: Impacts of Mans Activities on the Marine Environment (Other (Not Listed) Sample) Content: Course Title:Student's NameInstructor:Date:Dear colleague,REF: Impacts of Man's Activities on the Marine EnvironmentI prepare this letter to present to you the impacts of man's activities on the marine activity. It aims at reinforcing the marine environment policy. Throughout man's existence, people continue to take advantage of the ocean's resources. The result of population increase and global industrialization has been continued threat on these inexhaustible resources. Commercial fishing, oil pollution and spills, ocean acidification, and disregard to the ecosystems continue to present problems to the marine environment.Sufficient researches have been conducted that prove human activities continue to release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. The world's oceans absorb more than one-third of the emissions from the atmosphere. The carbon dioxide decreases the pH that results in increasing acidity of the sea and ocean waters. The acidification of the waters reduces t he marine biodiversity (Science Learning Hub).Accidents resulting from shipping and transportation of oils across oceans due to man's energy requirements are inevitable. When oil spills occur, they result to devastating effects on the surrounding marine organisms. Sea birds become greasy with the oily water that reduces their ability to maintain buoyancy and body warmth. The organisms that do not drown or freeze to death ingest the oil as they try to clean themselves. The entire marine food web disorganize as the oil reaches different trophic levels (Lerma matson n.d.).Another challenge to the marine environment results from fishing activities. While in the process of fishing, untargeted marine species are netted and killed. Seine netting, trawling, and drift are some of the fishing methods that lead to large quantities of by-catch. The species are no loss to the fishers but are valuable to t...
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Adolf Hitler was one of the most powerful leaders in the history of Europe. His name is permanently etched into the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s conscious as the instigator of some of the worst atrocities ever seen. Although HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s overconfidence and ruthlessness ultimately lead to his demise, his persuasive powers, creative mindset and problem-solving skills made him a strong and effective leader. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s incredible speaking skills were hard to find in Germany at the time, which coupled with his efficient use of tools like propaganda and Hitler Youth allowed for him to singlehandedly control the thoughts of a nation. His distinct ideas about the Nazi aesthetic lead to the repression of all other forms of culture, which contributed to the distortion of the German outlook on culture. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s innovative policies brought Germany out of unemployment through the mass creation of jobs in rearmament and public works projects. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s promises and manipulative tricks made him a well liked and effective leader. Hitler could easily stand with Franz Mesmer and Dr. James Braid as the greatest hypnotists of all time. However, unlike Mesmer and Braid, Adolf Hitler used his powers to convince a nation of horrible crimes. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s tricks also much more subtle. Instead of using ticking clocks or instantaneous trances of sleep Hitler relied on propaganda, his mesmerizing speaking abilities and his manipulation of the children in Hitler Youth to control the population of Germany. As Hitler wrote in MeinShow MoreRelatedAdolf Hitler : An Experimental View1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswrite my paper is Adolf Hitler. Born in Austria in 1889, Adolf Hitler rose to power in German politics as leader of Nazi Party (the National Socialist German Workers Party). Adolf Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933 - 1945, and served as dictator from 1934- 1945. His policies lead to World War II and the Holocaust. The Great Depression in Germany provided a political opp ortunity for Adolf Hitler. In the year 1932, Hitler ran against Paul von Hindenburg for the presidency. Hitler came in secondRead MoreEssay on Adolf Hitler: a Transformational Leader1461 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAdolf Hitler: A Transformational Leader Adolf Hitler: A Transformational Leader If there is such a thing as effective leadership, it involves enthusiasm, inspiration and devotion. Throughout his reign of dominance, the historical and contentious Adolf Hitler had possessed all of the listed traits; qualities in which a transformational leader seizes. Witherbee (2009) revealed that Adolf Hitler was an Australian-born German politician that was highly known as the leader of the Nazi Party. AsRead MoreAdolf Hitler and The Holocaust Essay1519 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages On January 30th, 1933, Adolf Hitler became a dictator of Germany, which marked the start of the twelve year massacre, the Holocaust. The Holocaust lasted until May 8th, 1945, when Europe won World War II. During the event of the Holocaust, six million Jewish followers were murdered; nearly two-thirds of the European Jewish population and one-third of all the Jewish population in the world. The Nazi Party not only targeted the Jews, but communists, Marxists, and anyone who stood up to, or posedRead MoreP ol Pot vs. Adolf Hitler Essay1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThough Communist leader Pol Pot and German nationalist Adolf Hitler can be compared in several ways, there are also myriad differences between their ascendancies. The social dispositions and executions of Adolf Hitler and Pol Pot, although similar in several ways, also differed for numerous reasons during their supremacies. The social perspectives and exploits of Hitler and Pol Pot have multiple similarities. For example, both Pol Pot and Hitler advocated and, to an extent, succeeded in mass executionRead MoreHolocaust Sociology Essay1561 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWorld War II. (Holocaust History) Nazi Germany led by Adolf Hitler had targeted every single Jew to be perished. Unfortunately Nazi Germany succeeded to murder two-thirds of the nine million Jews who were stationed in Europe. (Holocaust History) The Holocaust can be viewed at in many sociological perspectives of the sociologists mind. Adolf Hitler used everything in his power to exterminate any non-German ethnic that lived in Germany. (Hitler) Authority played a key point in the Holocaust againstRead MoreGlobal Genocides And The Holocaust1324 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgenocide are plentiful. However, from The Holocaust, the sociological theories and concepts of segregation, social influences and an authoritarian leader seemed to be prominent while wit h the genocide in Rwanda, ethnic and cultural distinctions were found to be the main understandings of the causes of the genocide. Prejudice ideas against individuals or groups based on their culture or race began hundreds of years ago. These preconceived ideas about an individual or group are resistant to changeRead More Motives of Adolf Hitler in Audens Epitaph on a Tyrant and September 1, 1939761 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Adolf Hitler was a very powerful man, and had a disturbing vision of how the world should be. W.H. Auden was interested in Adolf Hitler, and this interest can be seen in AudenÃ¢â¬â¢s poetry. September 1, 1939 and Epitaph on a Tyrant are two poems in which Auden scrutinizes HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s actions. Auden uses symbolism in these two poems to illustrate the different aspects of HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s life and actions. To begin with, Epitaph on a Tyrant personified HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with Ã¢â¬Å"perfection of a kind.Ã¢â¬ The obsessionRead MoreThe Use Of Mass Media On The World Of Jews1495 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfiction, repeated a thousand times over, as reality. Yet they have never seen Hitler, never spoken to him, never heard a word from his mouth. The very name Hitler immediately conjures up a grimacing devil, the fount of all of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s negative emotionsÃ¢â¬ (Moses). The proceeding quote, a few lines from Hitler Triumphant by Matthew Moses, tells Adolf Hitler is most commonly known for the unforgivable deeds that he committed in his lifetime. Those acts were terrible and left a scar on the world that can neverRead More A Comparison Between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini Essay1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesComparison Between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini There is no doubt that Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini shared many similar characteristics. They shared movements that were typical of National Socialism: they adopted a radical nationalism, militaristic hierarchies, violence, the cult of charismatic leadership, contempt for individual liberties and civil rights, an anti-democratic and anti-socialist orientation, and a refusal to socialize industries. Hitler and Mussolini lookedRead MoreFour Leaders and Their Management Styels1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesleaders of the world from past, we cannot ignore the likes of Adolf Hitler and his influence in World War II. One of the greatest saying of Hitler is: Ã¢â¬Å"Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to fight in this world of eternal struggle donÃ¢â¬â¢t deserve to live.Ã¢â¬ Before Hitler came into power, Germany was going through economic crisis. He was man with mission and vision. Hitler would do anything to rise into power and one of his qualities was confidence which made him successful. He
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1463 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Research paper Did you like this example? The WTO came into existence on 1 January 1995 after agreements negotiated during the Uruguay Rounds (1986 1994) of the General Agreement on Tariffs Trade (GATT), the predecessor of the WTO. The WTO is the international body which deals with the universal trading rules between countries. The organisations main function is that of ensuring, as far as possible, the smooth, predictable and free running of trade between nations. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The World Trade Organisation International Law" essay for you Create order The WTO handles a series of agreements on trade, agriculture, services, intellectual property rights and other issues. Structure The WTO has 153 members around the world while 30 countries are negotiating membership. Decisions in the WTO are typically taken by consensus among all members and they are ratified by members parliaments. The WTO also provides for a dispute settlement process which is focused on interpreting agreements and commitments and ensuring that countries trade policies conform to them. The Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organisation is the top level decision making body which usually meets at least once every two years. Then comes the General Council which meets several times a year in the Geneva headquarters. At the next level, the Goods Council, Services Council and the Intellectual Property Council report to the General Council. Agreements Through various negotiations between its members over the years, the WTO has come up with many agr eements on all fronts of world trade. One of the major negotiations on trade came through the 1986-94 Uruguay Rounds whereby there was a restructuring of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. The Uruguay Rounds led to agreements on the trade of goods and services, intellectual property, dispute settlement, and trade policy review. These agreements are guidelines for members to know their privileges and responsibilities in view of operating in an even-handed trading system. Imports and exports of each country are intended to be treated in a reasonable and consistent manner on the world market. In addition, the trading system is intended to be flexible with regards to the developing countries execution of their obligations. Agreement on Goods From 1947 to 1994, negotiations on lower custom duty rates and other trade barriers were made under the GATT. From 1995 onwards, the WTO dealt with more specific sectors of trade like agriculture and more specific problems such as dumping. Agreement on Services Under the new General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), members enjoy fair trade in services on banking and insurance, telecommunication, hotel and transport. Agreement on Intellectual Property The Intellectual Property Agreement governs how copyrights, trademarks, designs, patents and geographical names should be protected during trade between members. Agreement on Dispute Settlement Members can bring cases to the WTO in the event that any country breaches the rules of an agreement. The resolving of disputes under the Dispute Settlement Understanding is very important so as to implement the rules and to ensure the smooth flow of world trade. Independent experts make judgements based on the guidelines of the agreement and each countrys obligation. Agreement on Trade Policy Review The Trade Policy Review Mechanism aim is provide a better understanding about the policies that are being adopted. The mechanism also assesses the impact of adopting such policies. Agricultural Agreement The Agricultural Agreement of the WTO came into existence following the setting up of the WTO on 1 January 1995. This agreement was negotiated during the Uruguay Rounds of the GATT. The preamble to the Agreement recognizes that the agreed long-term objective of the reform process initiated by the Uruguay Round reform programme is to establish a fair and market-oriented agricultural trading system. (The WTO agreements series: Agriculture, 2003) The Agricultural Agreement is made up of three main components: Market Access Domestic Support Export Subsidies Market Access The main objectives of this market access area are to: Ensure that the access conditions prevailing in the agricultural trade are more apparent, reasonable and predictive. Enhance the relationship between national and international markets. Ensure that the agricultural market uses scarce resources most efficiently. Non-tariff barriers are replaced by tariffs providing mostly the same protection. Tariff barriers to trade are to be reduced by WTO member-states. The following conditions hold ads per the reduction of tariff barriers: An average reduction of 36% by developed countries with a minimum tariff line reduction of 15 % over six years. An average reduction of 24% by developing countries with a minimum tariff line reduction of 10% over ten years. Least developed countries are not required to reduce their tariff but they have to apply the tariffication process, that is, to convert their non-tariff barriers to tariffs or to bind their tariffs to a certain leve l that could not be exceeded in the future. Domestic support The Agreement on Agriculture has structured domestic support in favour of agricultural producers. The Agreement has controlled subsidies by using three categories of domestic support: a Green box, an Amber box and a Blue box. Green Box The Green box contains measures having no or limited disrupting effect on trade. Example of Green Box measures could be general government services in peat control or direct payments to producers decoupled from production. Amber Box The Amber box contains policies through which governments agreed to reduce domestic support but not to eliminate them. Amber box policies are viewed as having negative impact on trade. One example of such a measure could be when a government assures to buy at a guaranteed price from agricultural producers. Blue Box The Blue box contains measures whereby support can be increased without limit. However, the payment of these subsidies should be related to programs to limit production. Export Subsidies The third pillar of the Agreement on Agriculture is export subsidies. This measure required the developed countries to reduce the value of their export subsidies by 36% (taking the 1986-90 as base period). The policy also required the developed countries to reduce the quantity of subsidised export goods by 21% over six years. As regards to the developing countries, the agreement stipulates that their reduction would be two-thirds those of the developed countries over a period of ten years. There are no reductions being applied to the least-developed countries. Criticisms There have been lots of criticisms which have been raised as regards to the Agricultural Agreement. In general, the agreement has been criticised for having favoured the developed countries. The measures of the agreement have been a curse rather than a benefit to developing countries. Dumping Global agricultural businesses based in the United States and the European Union have caused great harm to the global agricultural trade by selling agricultural products below their cost of production. Farmers in developing countries could therefore not compete with those businesses in the US and the EU. The US agriculture is supported by massive and unsustainable expenditures. Through the domestic support programmes from the US government, US agricultural businesses are able to export their products at less than the cost of production. As a result, the farmers from developing countries cannot compete with these dumped products. Another factor that contributes to dumping is export subsidies. Despite reforms, the EU agriculture still relies on export subsidies on products like poultry and beef. The excess production of these products is dumped in world markets creating a surplus which brings down the world price. This causes a lot of damage to producers of the developing countries. Continued protectionism The main de veloped countries still maintain a high degree of protectionism to their local producers. For example, in the European Community, the tariffication process has led to high tariffs. Some industrialised countries have reduced export subsidies but have replaced them by decoupled direct payments: not a major change. The Agricultural Agreement has been unable to prevent countries like the United States from increasing domestic support. Indeed, in 1998 to 2001 the US has set up four successive packages of market loss aid payments. The use of measures such as decoupled direct payments is a flawed concept. In reality, it is not realistic to argue that payments to agricultural producers have no or minimal effect on production and trade. The Agricultural Agreement did not bring a major change in the trade policies of developing countries. Domestic support and export subsidies were already at a low level in these countries. Erosion of trade preferences The Agreement on Agriculture has undermined a lot of preferences for the developing countries. These countries rely on preferential market access agreements on agricultural trade in order to sustain their exports in the agricultural sector of the economy. The measures of the agreement have led to the erosion of these preferences. Thus, many developing countries have faced tremendous difficulties in agricultural trade and have experienced major economic dislocation. An example is Mauritius. Mauritius has lost its trade preferences which greatly helped the export of its sugar and had to go through major economic reform. Another example is Guyana which greatly relies on its export of rice.
Friday, May 15, 2020
What is the subject matter of economics? What role does the Ã¢â¬Å"division of labourÃ¢â¬ play in defining this subject matter? Quoting Michael Yates, Ã¢â¬Å"The subject matter of economics is the production and distribution of outputÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Yates, 2003). So what does this say to me? Simplifying, this says to me that Economics is a way of explaining the world. With studies dating as far back as AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s interest in the various forms of state, how can one ever fully understand the complexities of economic thought and how could one definition ever sum up the entirety of what economists endeavour to understand? (Meikle, Scott, 1995) The study of economics attempts to understand and to explain how and why the wealth of the world is produced,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The division of labour does not only refer to the dividing of complex tasks into simple tasks so that many, easily replaceable labourers, complete one task over and over to produce a product, (associated mainly with the industrial revolution); the division of labour refers to the division of labour between organizations. In modern times, labourers from individual organizations produce goods for another organization rather than directly for a consumer. That organization then uses those goods, combined with their own, to produce a final product. This deepening of the division of labour resulted in the progressive substitution of self-sufficient production with industrial production and market exchange. (Schmidt, 2009) These worldwide networks and interdependencies between organizations, combined with the division of labour within the individual organization, further the disconnect between workers and the ownership of their work. They lose pride of workmanship, close personal relationships, direct access to the means of production, and they become Ã¢â¬Å"a mere appendage to the cold, implacable, pace-setting machineÃ¢â¬ (Hunt amp; Sherman, 1986). Their work, or labour, is owned by the capitalist that owns the organization in which they work and they are left virtually powerless to control the economy in which they live. The labour of a CEOShow MoreRelatedInvestigating the Role of Micro-Finance in Female Empowerment, Kawangware Division, Nairobi County1519 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespeople in the globe. To this effect Thirlwall (2003:87) contributing to the poverty literature, says that Ã¢â¬Ëin poverty, there is feeling of powerlessness, vulnerability and fear because the poor is not free, he is exposed to greater risks and living on the margin of subsistence.Ã¢â¬â¢ That is to say, the poor have little or no significant say in the society; they are looked upon with contempt. In every society, especially in Africa, women are the most affected by poverty. To this effect, it is importantRead MoreEssay on Sociology- Culture and Identity3293 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesCULTURE AND IDENTITY This essay will aim to critically analyse and evaluate the contribution of modern and post modern perspectives to a sociological understanding of culture and identity. This will be achieved by analysing similarities and differences between three contrasting sociological theories and evaluating their strengths and weaknesses. Studies will be included as the debate is developed further and their contributions will also be explained. Culture is defined simply as the way of lifeRead MoreRadical Approach And The Gated Communities Of Mumbai1875 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessettled and that the Ã¢â¬Å"rights secured by justice are not subject to political bargaining or to the calculus of social interests (Rawls, 1972:4). Moreover, Rawls suggests that while the role of these conceptions Ã¢â¬â specifically basic rights, duties and determining appropriate distributive shares Ã¢â¬â are helpful in forming a concept of justice, theories are subject to the economic system in which they reside, and that Ã¢â¬Å"the way in which a conception does this (defines social equality) is bound to affect the problemsRead MoreThe Historical Transformation of Work14383 Words Ã |Ã 58 Pagesit is only in the recent past that work has become synonymous with regular paid employment, a separate sphere of specialized economic activity for which one receives payment. Thus, the current conception of work is a modern social construction, the pr oduct of specific historical conditions that are typically denoted by the term Ã¢â¬Ëindustrial capitalismÃ¢â¬â¢. The first part of this term indicates that work is a productive activity involving machines powered by inanimate energy sources that is undertakenRead MoreUnemployment from a functionalist and conflict perspective2206 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesLucianne White Assignment 1 Approaches to Sociology Introduction Sociologists study human society. Their subject matter includes human behaviour in various social contexts, social interaction, social institutions and organisation, social change and development (Haralmbos, Van Krieken, Smith Holborn 1999). For this reason, unemployment is an issue which sociologists delve. Unemployment has far reaching affects in all areas of society. Stratification in the areas of age, race, class, genderRead MoreGuidelines for Writing Project Proposal3565 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagessubmitted in English or in French. They can also be written in Spanish, but a summary of several pages will need to be translated into English or French at the time that the proposal is finalized. Project overview * Title: This should be a short phrase describing the subject of the proposal. Be sure to provide the name of the research organization, the name of the project leader, and collaborating research organizations. * Estimated budget: Estimate the total cost of the project in nationalRead MoreSocio-Cultural Development17197 Words Ã |Ã 69 PagesThe social and cultural environment Paul Wetherly Contents Introduction: what is the social and cultural environment? What has it got to do with business? Society, culture and business Demographic trendsÃ¢â¬âan ageing population Immigration and multiculturalism Class structure Inequality A womanÃ¢â¬â¢s place? Looking ahead Summary Case study: decline of the working class? 123 150 152 152 153 153 153 Review and discussion questions 125 128 132 135 139 145 149 149 Assignments Further reading OnlineRead MoreCan the Subaltern Speak9113 Words Ã |Ã 37 Pagesunderstanding of contemporary relations of power, and of the Western intellectuals role within them, requires an examination of the intersection of a theory of representation and the political economy of global capitalism. A theory of representation points, on the one hand, to the domain of ideology, meaning, and subjectivity, and, on the other hand, to the domain of politics, the state, and the law. The original title of this paper was Power, Desire, Interest.1 Indeed, whatever power these meditationsRead MoreLabour Market Context11897 Words Ã |Ã 48 Pages4 The Labour Market Context of HRM Chapter Objectives Ã¢â¬ ¢ To define internal and external labour markets Ã¢â¬ ¢ To outline the role of HRM as the interface between an organisation and its labour markets Ã¢â¬ ¢ To identify the changing labour market conditions under which contemporary organisations operate Ã¢â¬ ¢ To critically evaluate the implications for HRM of the Ã¢â¬Ëknowledge economyÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ To outline how labour market trends are impacting upon how organisations utilise labour and how HRM practicesRead MoreInstitutional Environment and Growth in Brazil6166 Words Ã |Ã 25 PagesBibliography 17 Introduction The prosperity and wealth of nations are closely linked with economic growth. Accelerating the development of economic growth in a sustained way is therefore one of the most important issues in economics. Economists have long used a variety of approaches to shed light on why some countries experience faster growth than others. In the vast amount of literature on the subject there are three schools that stand out in particular. First, there is a group of scholars that
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Presently there are countless cultures in the world. In the midst of all these cultures, I decided to pick the Vietnamese culture for my assignment. Similar to other East Asian countries, Vietnamese culture is strongly influenced by Confucianism, a simpler way of life, and the connection within family member are often reflected by the values embedded in the ideology (Vu, Huy Q., Rook, Karen S. (2013)). There are quite a few differences in the Portuguese culture in comparison to Vietnamese culture, and few similarities. I believed that the boundaries in the Vietnamese culture was fascinating, and it aspired me to research more about this topic. Confucius A composite work is the key and consistent source of Confucius teachings, some ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦ Rook, Karen S. (2013)). The division of labor between the parents impacts their parenting style and the socialization of their children (Vu, Huy Q. Rook, Karen S. (2013)). Discrepancies Between parents and children, differences in acculturation are a common occurrence in immigrant families including, the Vietnamese culture (Vu, Huy Q., Rook, Karen S. (2013)). When Vietnamese immigrated to Western societies, the ethics and manners were incorporated, and was much easier for the children to focus on then parents (Vu, Huy Q. Rook, Karen S. (2013)). Due to the children finding the ethics quicker and without difficulty Vietnamese children begin to wander from the traditional values causing struggles between the two generations (Vu, Huy Q. Rook, Karen S. (2013)). Intergenerational conflict may perhaps have more dominant with parents and daughters rather than sons (Vu, Huy Q. Rook, Karen S. (2013)). There is a solution with acculturation and intergeneration tensions unfortunately, it has Ã¢â¬Å"received little attention to dateÃ¢â¬ (Vu, Huy Q. Rook, Karen S. (2013)). Social Spaces Immigrant youth are able to interact with their peers in school, which includes various mixed-gender settings (Stritikus, T., Nguyen, D. (2007)). Parents have a tendency to have stern rules about their childÃ¢â¬â¢s actions separate from school making school not only a place intended for learning, but a place for social interaction as well
Although thought to be Ã¢â¬Å"not a big problemÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"under controlÃ¢â¬ by most people, pollution is making its way in being a serious and an unforgiving threat to society. Pollution a topic everyone hears and knows exists. What they donÃ¢â¬â¢t know is how serious of a problem it is already becoming. Many health issues are being reported now that are linked to air pollution and even the most severe weather places have encountered are linked to air pollution also. By society, not fully being aware of the true threat that pollution is making, it will only become a growing threat that they will be encountering. Jain, who is an 18 year old boy, is suffering from the lack of oxygen in his blood that flows through the body. This is caused by the pollution he is constantly breathing in all day. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t end with him just yet, but the millions of people who also live in Delhi. The pollution is so bad in there, that it is equivalent to smoking 10 cigarettes a day. The comment Ã¢â¬Å"Everyone is a smokerÃ¢â¬ said by Rajesh is referring to the people who are breathing in the poor air quality and the harm it brings. Jain survived that night, but now has asthma and is now required to check in with a doctor regularly to make sure he is healthy. He started to wear a mask outside to help reduce further damage to his health conditions. This still doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t prevent him from having attacks, but it does reduce the number of attacks and makes them less severe. This is just one story from the millionsShow MoreRelatedWater Pollution: Is It as Big of a Problem as We Think?2525 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesWater Pollution: Is it as big of a problem as we think? The following essay will be looking at the factors that cause pollution, and the effect that pollution has on our world today. It will also investigate what it has in store for the future if things do not improve. It will also explore some of the methods used to treat and clean-up wastewater, and oil spills. Today, the industrialization of Canada is severely affecting this nations lakes, streams, and rivers. If something is not doneRead MoreAcid Rain Is a Very Big Pollution Problem in the World1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAcid rain is a very big pollution problem in the world. It has killed fish and other aquatic life in many lakes and streams. It harms human health, disfigures monuments and erodes buildings, and, along with other pollutants, threatens forests. The story of acid rain can be compared to the plot of a science fiction movie. In the 1950s an invisible force begins to destroy lakes and rivers, killing trout and salmon. By the 1960s it is harming the waters of eastern Canada and the northeastern UnitedRead MoreOcean Pollution And Its Effects On The Ocean1348 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOcean Pollution. Can you predict the outcome of food or medicine resources if ocean pollution is not prevented or minimized? Throughout this research paper the different categories of pollution will be explained more in depth. Also there will be ideas or things we can all do to minimize ocean pollution and stop causing so much stress to the oceanÃ¢â¬â¢s ecosystem. It will also specify the importance of minimizing pollution in the ocean and how much damage it can cause. The ocean s ecosystem is underRead MoreEssay On Marine Pollution1401 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPollution is introduced into our oceans by humans both indirectly and directly or by substances of energy. Not only does this pollution affect our oceans and all sea life, but it also affects the consumers of sea-food. Ultimately what we put into our oceans goes into what is collected and eaten out of the ocean. It is a vicious cycle that we have brought upon ourselves. Luckily, there are big advancements in technology that are helping and prob lem-solving ways that we can reduce the amount of pollutionRead MoreHave You Ever Thought About What It Would Be Like To Not1174 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespolluted water every day. Pollution happens in all bodies of water. The main ones are called surface waters which include rivers, lakes, and oceans (Woodford). I always knew that runoff of fertilizers from fields and yards was a pollution problem, but I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know it affected so many people, plants, and animals in so many ways. Today, I will be trying to persuade you why water pollution is a problem by first discussing the problem, second offering a solution to the problem, and finally showing howRead MoreAir Pollution Essay1359 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdeaths caused each year due to air pollution in cities across the worldÃ¢â¬ (Air Pollution). Every day the average person inhales about 20,000 liters of contaminated air, Such as carbon dioxide and smog (Brimblecombe). These pollutants are released throughout the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s atmosphere in concentrations that are high enough to cause health problems, which leads to one of the main problems today, and that would be air pollution (Socha). The main cause of air pollution is all of the toxic chemicals that areRead MorePollution Is A Serious Problem?1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMarch 2016 pollution in china In the paper, I argue that what types of pollution in china by introducing the situation and problems in china. Following the development of economic and scientific, China is playing a very important role in the international arena. Increasing the number of people become rich. they can buy the new car, big house, and expensive clothes. In many people s opinions that China is becoming strong and rich. But they do not know China is also facing a serious problem, it is pollutionRead MoreWater Scarcity Of Water Pollution877 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMany people oppose the idea of the seriousness of water pollution. Many argue that the water supply for consumption is enough and that there will be no water shortage. Ã¢â¬Å"Peak WaterÃ¢â¬ is a term used for a global water shortage (The Environment), so people who consider that the water supply is not going to end use this in their favor. They say that thinking that water is going to be scarce In the future is silly, that people are being pea k water alarmists, because there is enough water for everyone,Read MoreThe Effects Of Air Pollution On Our Lives1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDuring the recent years, air pollution has been the main cause of health problems in this society. Air pollution has caused so many health related sickness to the life we live in now. Air pollution has brought in high increases of poisonous gases that impact the weather by global warming, and the air we breathe. As we breathe this toxic air we get in the same chemicals that are mostly found in cigarettes. Some people could get many diseases breathing this kind of air today, because the cigarettesRead MoreAir Pollution Vs The Respiratory System1454 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Air Pollution vs the Respiratory System An average human consumes about 11,000 liters of air in a day. Not only are we breathing in natural gases such as oxygen and nitrogen, but we are also inhaling other matters that are potentially dangerous to our health. These air pollutants that we breathe in are divided into two separate categories: primary and secondary pollutants. Primary pollutants are emitted in the form in which they were produced. This includes: smoke, inorganic gases such as carbon
Question: Discuss about the Business and Corporations Law for Companies Business Law. Answer: Consider the following situations and indicate whether consideration is present and Whether Jack has an enforceable agreement: a) Jane is going overseas and she offers to give her Lotus Super 7 sports car to Jack. The market value for this type of vehicle in good condition is around $25 000. Jack accepts. (2.5 MARKS) Issue The agreement between Jack and Jane is not legal. They have not signed any agreement that can be recognized by the law. Therefore the consideration is not present is not enforcement agreement (Datt, 2015, p. 10). According to the business laws, the parties had to identify value of the commodity and sign some contract pertain the contract. According to the laws of business, the relationship between the parties does not affect the terms and condition of the transactions. The owner of the car has not considered the value of the car before giving out. It has to be known if the car was in good terms or it was in a mess. The owner of the car had to consider the relations (Clark, Stuyck Terryn, 2015, p. 18). According to this agreement, the parties could have made some oral contracts that they might have passed on their own. Rules This agreement did not come into conclusion nor was there any note written, as a proper or legal contract. It was only a confident appearance and evidence of the tenacity and purpose of the two parties apprehensive in which each parties is depicted to morally pledge themselves by the crammed self-confidence, founded upon previous commerce with every one of them (Datt, 2015, p. 11) would accept through it. It is important to note that the agreement between the parties is founded on the usefulness of the bond that could held them together, the parties have to trust each of the parties honor the promise. It is important to consider the terms of the contract and this can be determined through the value of the commodity (Clark, Stuyck Terryn, 2015, p. 20). From the understanding of the scenario, it can concluded that the owner of the car could have decided so because the car was a liability and preferred that it could be better to give to someone to manage it to prevent some deft cases ( Lowry Dignam, 2006, p. 21). It was a mutual agreement that the parties made and the most important thing was that Jack agreed to have the car with him as requested by the owner. Both parties are depicted to benefit from the practice and therefore it is based on the competency of the parties to have the capacity to obliquely adhere to the set agreements. Application The form of agreement between Jane and Jack is considered lawful if the parties could have signed some legal agreements based on the law (Kobel, KeÃÅ'Ãâ Llezi Kilpatrick, 2015, p. 8). In this case, if the parties did not sign some agreements in form of an official document, then the agreement was based on the oral terms, which must have some supportive evidence. In case where there would be a disagreement, the parties need to provide an agreed document or evidence to indicate their terms and condition to be used as a judgment base to the solution (Datt, 2015, p. 28). Conclusion It can be noted that the parties could have agreed to act independently though their own agreements. b) Jane offers to sell Jack her Lotus Super 7 sports car for $25 000. The market Value for this type of vehicle in good condition is around $25 000. Jack Accepts. (2.5 MARKS) Issue According to the information, the parties might have agreed in their own terms to transact though their own mean. According to the business laws, the value of the materials or goods often depreciate but here the value of the car is at the original value (Gamertsfelder, 2015, p. 33). This shows that Jack was purchasing the car at a loss. The case is beyond reasonable ground that the car was sold at a price that it was not meant to be sold at. The parties in this case must have had their own terms and conditions pertaining the value of the goods (Poston, Ennings Zeno, 2015, p. 34). It is expected that because the car is not a new one, the price of the car was half the original price (Clark, Stuyck Terryn, 2015, p. 28). There was no official document to show the transactions between the two parties. It can be concluded that the car must have been bought under their terms and conditions. The car is assumed to be bought under the former terms of relations before this transaction, but th at is not even reasonable enough because basing on the knowledge of business and its laws, the car value must depreciate on the basis of it being a second and good. Rules Motors are often liabilities and even one buys them, the expected value that was bought at, must reduce (Kobel, KeÃÅ'Ãâ Llezi Kilpatrick, 2015, p. 32). Nevertheless, if one wants to buy a car or any other good, the person must consult to get the right information concerning the values of the prices, it can therefore be concluded that Jack did not perform some research concerning the price of Janes car. It is therefore considered to his fault because it is expected that he knew the right price of the car when it was bought. Application As if that was not enough, the owner of the car needed to be considerate because according to the laws of business, there is need to have the faith or trustworthiness during the transactions and sell their goods at the market price unless if the transactions are based on the earlier business terms (Poston, Ennings Zeno, 2015, p. 22). It is based on the market price that one needs to buy or sell something; however, some individuals who are not willing to follow the laws of business often want to steal from the customers. It is also acceptable if the client in this case who is Jack accepted the price and bought it at that. That is also based on the agreement terms (Gamertsfelder, 2015, p. 10). This is a wrong impression of how many business individuals wants to benefit from the clients through the sales that they make. It is recommended that if Jack does not agree with the terms and conditions of the agreement, and has the legal transactions, can still claim his money through taking J ane to court. It is not a must that one has to understand the business knowledge but that one tries to work and find more on the application part of the business information. Conclusion According to the law, it is expected that one needs to understand the terms and conditions of the transaction before engaging in the transactions. In making the business transactions, it is important that both parties agree at a certain price and have a better price that is reasonable to the market price. This case shows how people make wrong transaction in the business without involving the business laws and regulations. c) Jane offers to sell Jack her Lotus Super 7 sports car for $2500. The market Value for this type of vehicle in good condition is around $25 000. Jack Accepts. (5 MARKS) Issue There is no enforceable agreement between the parties. In this case, Jane has gone at a loss for selling the car at a very cheap price (Kobel, KeÃÅ'Ãâ Llezi Kilpatrick 2015). The value of the car is calculated based on the buying price and the duration that have passed since the good was bought. It is not reasonable enough to sell the car at such a very low price. It is important also to consider the value of the market price of the same car in the same condition. Transactions are making to be binding agreement that both the parties are able to agree at. In this case, Jane must have no knowledge of the business laws and therefore her mistake not to apply the laws costs her through the wrong pricing price of her car (Hannigan, 2009, p. 10). According to the business, laws the practice have to be formal and no other relational basis need to be involved. It is recommended that if Jane does not agree with the terms and conditions of the agreement, and has the legal transactions, can still claim more money through taking Jack to court. It is not therefore, a must that one necessities to comprehend the business information but it is significant that one attempts to follow the right laws and regulations. Rules It is according to the laws of business that one must agree to indulge in the transactions in accordance with set laws and per prices set on the commodity (Nagel, 2000, p. 18). It is important that one have to research and find out ion the prices of things before finally purchasing the goods. The value of business laws and information is therefore shown to be important in controlling the prices of the commodities. A mutual transaction has to be made between the seller and the buyer to ensure that both benefit from the process of transactions. In this case the parties had no knowledge of business thus they indulged in the wrong form of transaction where there must have lacked a mutual understanding between the parties (Charlesworth, Morse, Marshall Morris, 1987, p. 23). Application Therefore, it was not a mutual contract that the parties made and the most important thing was that Jane agreed sell the car as requested by the client. One party is not depicted to benefit from the practice and therefore it is not based on the competency of the parties to have the capacity to obliquely adhere to the set agreements. Considerately, the state to of the care must also have contributed to the price level (Schulze, 2011, p. 45). It is not reasonable for Jack to buy the car at such a price if the liability would not be of help to him. Situation in the business law can force one to buy something or sell at a certain price to accomplish some other needs (Emerson, R. and Hardwicke, 1997, p. 67). It is advisable that one becomes considerate and during the selling and the purchase of goods to avoid wrong transactions. Conclusion Entirely, the basis of all the transaction is the business knowledge and one has to at least understand the forms of truncations or research about the market forces and perform transaction in the right way. Business individuals need to maintain the utmost good faith during the transaction and ensure that their actions reflect the laws of the business terms (Emerson, 2004, p. 18). A shipbuilder had contracted to build a tanker for North Ocean Tankers. The Contract was in US dollars and didnt contain any provisions for currency fluctuations. Approximately halfway through construction of the ship, the United States devalued its currency by 10 per cent. As the shipbuilder stood to make a loss on the contract, it demanded that an extra US$3 million be paid or it would stop work. The buyer reluctantly agreed under protest to pay, as he already had a charter for the tanker and it was essential that it be delivered on time. The buyer didnt commence action to recover the excess payment until some nine months after delivery. Will the buyer succeed in recovering the excess? Issue The buyer will succeed to recover the extra although the time for the recovery had passed. The buyer is allowed to perform the follow up at any time even after the delivery and claim the money back (Harris, Hargovan Adams, 2015, p. 32). The use of business information in the marketing and selling of the goods is important because it states that the use of the legal agreements in the businesses is helpful in such cases where some disagreements have been raised. It is important that the buyer must note the value of the legal transactions made. Rules The legal documents are vital in making such claims because the evidence of the case is carried on the materials. It also must be considered that the buyer has to know that the time for the claim had passed and should also be fined for the late claim but be granted the justice. The condition under the period of delivery and the time of the claim must be noted before the solution is found. It must be known if the buyer was aware or not may be the buyer must have been under critical moment that obstructed him to perform the claim (Schulze, 2011, p. 21). Application And Conclusion The evidences to support the clam must be stated clearly in the case to provide the required information to make sound ruling. Since the buyer bought the goods at a protest, there is the legal provision that the money can be claimed back. Time of the agreement also need to be considered in the process of making such claims (Institute On Corporate Securities Law In Hong Kong, Grandolfo, Park, Revell Greene, 2015, p. 32). Reference List Charlesworth, J., Morse, G., Marshall, E. and Morris, R. (1987). Charlesworth's Company law. London: Stevens. Clark, E. E., Stuyck, J., Terryn, E. (2015). Commercial and economic law in Australia. Datt, K. H. (2015). A critical evaluation of how aspects of the tax system in Australia are administered and their impact on corporations and directors. Emerson, R. (2004). Business law. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Barron's. Emerson, R. and Hardwicke, J. (1997). Business law. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Barron's Educational Series. Gamertsfelder, L. 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